TIPS FOR BASIC CONVEYOR TROUBLESHOOTING
Are you tired of opening the same door 10 times a day and yet it sounds like nails on a chalkboard? This trouble sounds like having trouble with your conveyor belt but this is not completely true. There may be several reasons as to why your conveyor belt is acting the way it is. It can be a misaligned conveyor, it may also have an improper assembly of pulleys, wrong tension, incorrect sliding bed or incorrect profile. This may disrupt the whole plant maintenance, so to ensure continuous efficiency, you should be ready to fix that conveyor, here’s a list of tips that will help you overcome conveyor troubleshoot.
CORRECT CONVEYOR BELT
The material of the conveyor belt that you choose should be suitable for the product being conveyed. It should be able to withstand a certain amount of weight, tension, cleaning techniques, and ambient temperatures. A wrong type of conveyor can cause more harm than good, It will not just lead to belt tracking problems but also wear-and-tear of product.
You need to thoroughly check the assembly of your conveyor. Check if the calibration of the pulleys, rolls and spindles is perfect. You may also check if the beds are sliding correctly past one another. You must ensure proper alignment to help the conveyor belt run as smoothly as possible.
The pulleys, wheels, and rolls should be assembled at a right angle to the belt running axis. A parallel assembly is essential for the conveyor to run, if not assembled correctly then It will lose balance. The belt will run off in one side by pulling more than the other. So make all sorts of adjustment by putting your belt pulleys and rolls straight.
You must ensure correct tension, especially if the conveyor belt is a fabric one. Low tension leads to incorrect tracking and there is a risk of products slipping because of a reduction in adhesive friction. If you have a modular belt, then low tension can lead the belt to sag and hit parts beneath it which will further affect the service life of the belt. Whereas, high tension may break the bearings, bend spindles and your belt could go completely off-track.
RECOMMENDATION OF YOUR BELT SUPPLIER
You should make sure that the profile of the conveyor is doing its job. You should place the products in the center as much as possible. If the profile is not working the way it should get it repaired or replaced by your belt supplier. Furthermore, while adjusting the conveyor should be products-free. Use the recommendations that your belt supplier has provided you. You may later add products to the belt and make final adjustments.
CONTROL GUIDES AND CONTAMINATION
Your conveyor belt should be free of contamination, you must clean it regularly as it can lead to breakage or change in texture which will affect the conveyor belt tracking. Also, hold regular inspection to avoid any kind of breakdown or decreased reliability. Read all the control guides that come along with your belt to try to fix possible problems.
The tips above will help you troubleshoot your conveyor issues, but if not, please contact your belt supplier. It is advisable to call an expert from the material handling industry to answer all your questions about conveyor and power transmission belts.